Gemmano’s greatest heritage is without doubt the beauty and variety of its natural landscape. In fact, not only does it offer probably the most unspoilt and probably the most interesting landscape in the entire Rimini area but in many respects, from both a scientific and tourism point of view, it is quite extraordinary. Onferno Caves, the Ventena Valley, calanques, paths through the rural villages and the truly breathtaking scenery make it a popular destination for anyone wishing to discover an isolated part of the countryside where time seems to have stood still.
The name of the village appears to be linked to an unusual coat of arms that depicts a hand lifting a ring with an enormous jewel (or gem) to the sky. In fact, according to tradition, the name is in some way linked to a beautiful jewel given as a gift to the bride of one of the Malatesta lords who lived in the castle during the 14th - 15th century. However, many experts believe that the name actually refers to the ancient “fundus Geminianus”, land that belonged to the Geminiana family and was mentioned in two Roman inscriptions found in nearby Montefiore Conca. The current position of the village dates back to the Middle Ages, a period characterised by the expansion of fortified, hilltop villages.
Although Gemmano was once an important and therefore highly disputed castle, little remains of its glorious past other than a few ruins (such as the ancient walls, which have recently been renovated). The nucleus of the castle was in fact completely destroyed in September 1944 during Second World War bombardments. Luckily, this destruction did not cause any harm to the area’s natural heritage, which still retains all its former beauty.
One of the top local attractions are the Onferno Caves, the only natural caves in the Conca Valley. The caves' narrow tunnels were formed by a small stream that over millions of years carved into the mass of chalk on which Castrum Inferi once stood. Although they do not extend very far, the caves are quite awesome and extremely interesting from both a speleological and faunistic point of view. It is possible to visit the caves (see below).
The Onferno Caves and the surrounding area have been protected and an oriented nature reserve since early 1992. To mark the event, a project was launched to restore the ancient castle of Onferno and it has since become the visitors’ centre, the ideal place to organize “nature” holidays or weekends.
Religious buildings worth visiting near Gemmano include the small church of Santa Maria di Carbognano, where devotees worship a beautiful image of the Virgin Mary that dates from the 16th century.
The Ventena Valley is extremely beautiful and is without doubt, one of the most interesting natural areas in this part of Romagna and the ideal place to go walking, cycling or horse riding.
Town Hall: 1, Piazza Roma - Tel. 0541 854060
Pro Loco Association: 1, Piazza Roma - Tel. 0541 854060
Onferno Caves: Cooperativa Grotte - Via Castello. 83 - Tel. 0541 984694 (open from June to September 9-12/15-19; April, May and October on Saturday afternoons and Sundays, remaining months on Sunday afternoons only).
descrizione dell'offerta in lingua inglese